You already know what PSI (pounds per square inch) your tires should be inflated to for everyday driving, but do you know what the PSI should be for off-roading? We were also wondering about this and decided to dig and find out what your tire pressure should be for off-roading.
There is no set PSI for off-roading, as different terrains require different tire pressures. However, experts advise starting at 20 PSI and going down according to the landscape. If you don’t have bead locks on your tires, you should not deflate them below 10 PSI, as they can de-bead from the wheel.
This article will discuss the best PSI for each type of terrain. We will also discuss other tips regarding your tires when off-roading and some essential tools to carry with you.
The Best Tire Pressure For Off-Roading[By Terrain]
As mentioned, there isn’t one size fits all regarding tire pressure when off-roading. Different terrains call for other tire pressures.
Furthermore, it is essential to remember that different tires have different pressure requirements. For example, all-terrain and designated mud off-roading tires will have different PSI requirements. In addition, the weight of your vehicle will also influence the tire pressure. With these factors in mind, here is a list of general tire pressures for each off-roading terrain.
The Best Tire Pressure For Off-Roading In Sand
When it comes to off-roading in the sand, you must reduce your tire pressure to 12 PSI minimum and 20 PSI maximum, depending on the softness of the sand. Lowering your tire pressure to increase the surface area of the tires will help you get through the sand. It’s important to keep in mind which type of sand you are driving on as well. Sand on the beach differs from sand in the desert. Desert sand is made by the wind and will be smoother, requiring a lower PSI. Around 10-12 PSI. Beach sand is made by the ocean and will have a rough texture. You’ll still need to lower your PSI, but you’ll be able to get away with 15-20 PSI in most cases.
You can further reduce your tire pressure to about eight PSI if you get stuck in the sand. However, if you don’t have bead locks on your wheels, you shouldn’t reduce your tire pressure any lower than eight PSI, or the tires might de-bead from the wheels. After getting free from the sand, you should also remember to reinflate your tires before continuing to travel.
The Best Tire Pressure For Off-Roading In Mud
Like sand, you need to have an increased surface contact with the ground when off roading in mud to avoid getting stuck. When off roading in mud, you might have to reduce your tire pressure to as low as eight PSI if you don’t have beadlocks or five PSI if you have beadlocks.
It is best to start with your tires inflated a bit more and see how you feel and how your truck handles the terrain. Then you can reduce the tire pressure more if the mud is softer or deeper.
Best Tire Pressure For Off-Roading In Snow
Although the driving conditions in the snow might be similar to mud or sand, the tire pressure is another story. When off roading in snow, it is recommended that you keep your tires at 25 PSI, especially if you have snow chains. Reducing the pressure on your tires too much might cause the snow chains to come off the tires.
The Best Tire Pressure For Off-Roading On Rocks
When off roading on rocky terrain, you should ideally deflate your tire pressure to about 22 PSI to 28 PSI, depending on the types of rocks. Reducing your tires slightly when driving on rocky terrain will allow the tires to give a little when going over rocks. This will help protect them against punctures and make the ride less bumpy and more comfortable.
In some cases, you may have to deflate the tires more. However, it is always best to start with the maximum recommended tire pressure and adjust if necessary. It takes more time to reinflate the tires if you reduce the pressure too much than it does to deflate them.
The Best Tire Pressure For Off-Roading On Gravel Roads
The ideal tire pressure when off-roading on gravel roads depends on the condition of the road. If it is a well-maintained gravel road, you can keep your tire pressure between 28 PSI and 36 PSI. However, you can lower your pressure to 26 PSI for rough gravel roads or roads with many potholes.
By lowering your tire pressure when off-roading on gravel roads, your tires will absorb more shock, and the ride will be less bumpy. The tires will also conform to the shape of the potholes or rocks, reducing the chances of punctures.
How To Lower Tire Pressure When Off-Roading
If you are only going off-roading on one terrain, such as sand, you can deflate your tires once before starting. However, you may have to reduce or inflate your tires if you make an off-roading trip with multiple terrains. So here are a few things to remember before going on your next off-roading trip.
- Always check your tire pressure while the tires are cold. As you ride, the air in the tires heats up and expands. This causes the PSI to read higher than it truly is. Experts recommend investing in a good quality PSI meter.
- Always use the same PSI meter to measure your tire pressure, as different meters might have other readings.
- Measuring your tire pressure before every trip is best to ensure the tires are all inflated equally and give you an accurate base to work from. This will help when you later need to deflate your tires.
- Always deflate your tires to the maximum recommended PSI and adjust the pressure. Deflating your tires causes them to wear quicker and reduces their lifespan. Therefore, you should aim to ride them as hard as possible for maximum lifespan.
- Remember to always reinflate your tires before heading back to a paved road. Driving on main roads with deflated tires can be dangerous. Therefore, you will need to purchase a tire pump. Although these may take up to four minutes per tire, they are instrumental when off-roading in a remote location.
With the right tools and knowing your tire pressure on specific terrains, you can increase your safety and comfort when going on your next off-roading trip.
The Best Tools To Deflate And Inflate Your Tire
Deflating your tires by hand with a simple tire pressure gauge is the most cost effective way to get the tire pressure you’re looking for. However, it’s going to take a while. If you want to speed up the process of deflating and then re-inflating your tires once you’re done with your off-roading, these are the best tools for the job.
Automatic Tire Deflator
An automatic tire deflator is going to save you a ton of time deflating your tires at the trail head. It’s going to allow you to set your desired tire pressure and deflate all four of your tires at the same time. Based on reliability and durability, the Staun Automatic Tire Deflator is our top pick.
- Automatic: Deflate tires automatically to anywhere between 6 and 30 PSI, factory preset to 18 PSI.
- Convenient: Save your back and knees. Yes, now you can stand up while you air down!
- Fast: Air down all four tires in just a few minutes. Practically the fastest way to air down.
- Compact: Store easily just about anywhere in the included genuine leather pouch.
Portable Air Compressor
When you’re done with your day off-roading, you’ll need to re-inflate your tires back to the standard tire pressure for regular on-road driving. This is going to preserve your off-road tires and prevent early wear, as well as save your gas mileage. A portable air compressor is your best bet to get the job done quickly. The Smittybilt 5.65 is our top pick based on quality, speed of tire inflation, and affordability.
- Auto-thermal cutoff switch - protects motor against damage
- Maximum continuous cycle time (duty cycle) - 40 minutes at 40 psi at 75 degrees Fahrenheit
- Maximum airflow - 72 liters per minute. Quick release 24 foot coil hose
- Integrated easy to read 150 PSI pressure gauge
- Storage bag included
You can get by without these tools and save yourself a little bit of money. But, with a little investment, these tools will help make your off-roading experience more enjoyable.
There is no one-size-fits-all when it comes to tire pressure when off-roading. Different vehicles and tires also have different requirements for tire pressure. Overall, it is best to start by deflating your tires slightly and adjusting their pressure as needed to ensure your trip is comfortable and safe.
Don’t reduce the pressure on your tires when off-roading to less than 10 PSI if you don’t have bead locks. It is best to buy a high-quality PSI meter and a tire pump when you are on an off-road trip with more than one terrain.